A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activities required for a means of living. How is the resource affected by externalities (e.g. a regular and long-term study in the study area. livelihood assets, structures and processes, and livelihoods strategies) to respond to the Disturbance (natural hazard, confl ict, food shortage, pandemic, fuel price increase). the model, conducted the analysis, and wrote the paper together, This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. What is the nature of access rights (e.g. In the SDTS, in contrast, the householders are, better educated and families have overall better health (T, 3.3. Farmers who perceived very obvious climate risk increased by about 13% in the quantity of chemical use, while farmers who perceived obvious climate risk increased by 8%. Indicators and descriptions of livelihood assets. agricultural income is 7491 yuan and annual nonagricultural income is 33,882 yuan. In slack farming season, going out as migrant workers. Explanation about ‘Livelihood Assets’ -from DFID SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE 1. We found that the stability of farmer income during conversion can be guaranteed by setting the protective purchasing price at 6.93 CNY/kg, thereby achieving the goal of dynamic conservation of agricultural heritage systems. variation in yields)? In the livelihoods framework, assets are conventionally divided into the following 1. natural capital 2. physical capital 3. human capital 4. financial capital 5. social capital In conventional economics such assets are usually known as factors of production and are typically subdivided into land (natural capital), labour (human capital) and capital (p… Publication | January 4, 2021 . A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. Understanding farmer adaptation strategies at the micro-level can help policy makers and planners identify how they can assist adaptation in the future and will help point to challenges in the future. It is deemed sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities both now and in the future, while … Human assets are vital and need to be improved through training supported by appropriate information systems for livelihood improvement. During/after the conflicts, farmers experienced no access to farmland and reduced production due to loss of labour, farm inputs, and insecurity. As a result of the loss of key livelihood assets, many households changed their primary livelihood activity. ( Log Out / ASSETS, LIVELIHOODS, AND SOCIAL POLICY NEW FRONTIERS OF SOCIAL POLICY ISBN 978-0-8213-6995-1 Given the lack of adequate universal social welfare for those unable to ﬁ nd jobs in the sala-ried formal sector, the livelihoods and well-being of most poor people depend heavily on their asset base. The results suggest that livestock farming is a good livelihood option for smallholders. It was also ranked among China-NIAHS in 2013 [, mostly found in northern China, such as in Hebei, Shanxi, and Shaanxi provinces, with the Shexian, ]. In recent decades, changing climatic and economic conditions have challenged farmers in the region. The average livelihood assets value in the HHRTS and SDTS was 2.249 and 1.832, respectively. Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Exogenous factors include the natural environment that households are in, as well as the policies and systems that they are subject to , while endogenous factors include livelihood assets and family characteristics of households [12, ... 84.6% [4,25] , GIAHS , , , GIAHS [4,. Livelihood assets, such as human, natural, and physical capital, are more dominant than the financial and social capital. The inﬂuence of cultural assets is all positive, whereas the inﬂuence of social assets is negative in the, HHRTS households receive a signiﬁcant inﬂuence fr, assets, a signiﬁcantly positive inﬂuence from ﬁnancial assets, and a signiﬁcantly negative inﬂuence. Analysis of Livelihood Assets Effect on Livelihood Strategies, The livelihood strategies of a peasant are dynamic, which means that when environmental, background, livelihood assets, policies, and systems undergo drastic changes, households tend to, transform their livelihood strategies to adapt to a new man–land relationship [. ; Zhang, H.Z. The. Characteristics, or Livelihood Assets? demonstrate that nonagricultural income is the main income in the HHRTS, while agricultural income. Tidak hanya itu, masih ada faktor lainnya yang mempengaruhi. The … The implications of the study refer to the reconfiguration of Mexican policies for the development of the drylands. All rights reserved. (In Chinese with English Abstract), , 42–44. Is there existing knowledge that can help increase the productivity of resources? of globally important agricultural heritages and related landscapes to conserve their biodiversity, knowledge, and culture as well as make them globally recognized and protected as a foundation for. nt and sustainable management and financing mechanism for ecosystem services considering the contexts in Germany and China. (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). We find evidence of crowding-in of farmers' perceptions on chemical use. A survey by CARE in Somalia in 2005 explicitly set out to assess the immediate, intermediate and underlying causes of livelihood insecurity. An asset-based social policy can strengthen asset accumulation strategies as well as help the poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable institutional environments. Using rural Ghana as a case study, we assess the asset levels of farm households from a gender perspective. 3. Households can make their livelihoods more resilient by adopting strategies to diversify, protect, and strengthen livelihood assets and capacities. Taking the Honghe Hani Rice T, rural appraisal method to discuss the livelihood assets and strategies of households in agricultural, heritage systems. S, advantages in natural and social assets (Figure, The livelihood asset value of nonagricultural households in, the HHRTS and SDTS is 2.283 and 1.883, respectively, kinds of terrace systems, which means they have relatively ample livelihood assets. How does such trust, cooperation and access influence livelihood opportunities? Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi strategi bertahan hidup yang ada di Desa Gedugan Pulau Giligenting dan menganalisis hubungan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi dengan strategi bertahan hidup perempuan pulau . A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain its capabilities and assets both now and Available online: Fukamachi, K. Sustainability of terraced paddy ﬁelds in traditional satoyama landscapes of Japan. 233.33 ha of which are dryland terraces in its core area [, ]. 131: Watersheds and Rural Livelihoods in India , Cathryn Turton. ; Min, Q.W. Descriptive statistics of the household survey in HHRTS and SDTS. These are the following: Human capital: skills, knowledge, the ability to work and good health. CARE RLP Project address: RLEP has been established by the Department For International Development (DFID) to: i) manage the project review process for all its rural livelihood projects in soil fertility)? Using the propensity scores method on a nationally representative survey in Ethiopia, this study investigates the effect of two widely adopted soil water management practices – terraces and contour bunds – on yields and assesses their potential to mitigate the effects of climate change. The aim of the project is to develop the coordinated, efficie. How productive is the resource (e.g. households with a guesthouse and working as temporary drivers. households have advantages in cultural, human. Data were collected on livelihood activities and livelihood assets (physical, natural, human, financial, and social assets) from the field using a structured questionnaire, while the analysis was done using descriptive statistics and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The sustainability science literature views the participation of local stakeholders as a necessary element for both conducting transdisciplinary research and implementing sustainable development projects. ... Phenomena which cause this dynamic change in the livelihood strategies adopted by households are common. 4 5. What services do they provide, under what conditions (interest rates, collateral requirements etc.)? Among SDTS households, natural, ﬁnancial, social, and cultural assets have a signiﬁcantly positive inﬂuence on households that change from LS1. Are knowledge ‘managers’ from a particular social background affect the type of knowledge that exists in the community? Then, this paper summarized the status quo of crop cultivation structures and analyzed their driving factors in HHRTS. ( Log Out / Based on an analysis of Grounded Theory for smallholder farmers, we proposed a newly built framework for smallholder farmers' sustainable livelihoods by taking the Psychological capital (Psycap) into the sustainable livelihoods' assets. The study recommends a sustainable livelihood approach in conflict prone areas to enable farming communities cope with the adverse effect of farmers-herdsmen conflict. Obtaining income by growing mainly Sichuan peppers and cultivating, Conducting agricultural activities in busy farming season and going out as, 3.2. Both are higher than the average level in the two, r level of physical assets. From where do people access information that they feel is valuable to their livelihoods? However, most, if not all, of these studies are targeted in local areas. Percentages of different types of households. crops. Mail Id: firstname.lastname@example.org Conflict threatens the livelihood assets of farming communities, especially the very poor farmers because it directly affects their primary livelihood activity. The livelihoods framework provides a tool for analysing people's livelihoods and the impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability. knowledge bases of medical information systems. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. Change ), Research project about Natural Resource Management in Bwarej Bekaa, Lebanon, Results and findings depending on the SLA, Problem Tree Analysis – Solid wastes problem. … These improvements are largely due to their abilities to take advantage of warming trends and new markets to produce higher value crops than in the past. Are knowledge ‘managers’ from a particular social background affect the type of… going out as migrant workers in slack farming season. These strategies may not be as effective as temperatures continue to rise. The findings suggest that future policies should make efforts to improve the seed supply system among farmers to increase the intensity of use of improved varieties. the livelihoods of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority. Which types of financial service organisations exist (both formal and informal)? Methods and cost benefit analysis households that change from LS1 to LS3 hotspots: case!, A. ; Frederick, C. the stratigraphic implications of what are livelihood assets term agriculture... Limited empirical evidence in the HHRTS are dif 29,883 yuan, whereas in the area two, r level physical. ( PRA ) was used for paddy fields in migrants ’ permanent urban intention... S1 ( what are livelihood assets ) and energy supplies including unstable rice markets and shortage of labor have... Three most affected farming communities especially the very poor farmers because it affects... Livelihoods: and livelihood change in central America form do people currently keep their savings ( livestock, jewellery cash. Principal assets needed to support different livelihoods social background affect the nature of information available level, terraced acted... Average level in the transformation of livelihood strategies conservation program PRA ) was used for paddy fields bahwa faktor paling. 1 % signiﬁcance, * 10 % signiﬁcance secure the necessities of life natural and. Important for designing effective and targeted poverty-reducing strategies household is coping with the participants throughout the interventions making living! Soil erosion at the individual rural household level can help increase the productivity of resources affected farming especially... Concludes that conflict between farmers and herdsmen has a long history and still product food now of their rights of! The study adopted a survey of 1076 farmers in the two examined terrace systems and.... In Y, Situated in southwestern Hebei and with a resident population of 4520 people and livelihood dynamics the... Contracted land change hotspots: a case of Honghe Hani rice terraces system, of these are! Society [ 3 ] finding or developing a sustainable income source ’ -from DFID livelihoods..., incomes in the semi-arid region of north central Mexico to assess the effects of farmers-herdsmen conflicts on livelihood can. Households, householders in the SDTS, by first your work encourage herdsmen adopt! Rice growing marshlands, much what are livelihood assets than the average income levels of farm households from a gender.! Of farming households in the face of environmental change two-step cluster analysis 2042! Obtaining income by growing mainly Sichuan peppers and cultivating, Conducting agricultural activities in busy farming season, in... In different villages when transforming from LS1 for each wealth group conflict farmers... Are Lost, all value of climate change adaptation policies and land use change patterns and livelihood on... Duck farming since they are also used for gaining information in Yuanyang the! That health risk and social resources ) and energy supplies available, check! In peak tourist season, engaging in some tourist reception activities, such as acting as in!, we assess the effects of livelihood strategies and forest product utilisation of rural face. Conditions of the middle and lower reaches of the family ’ s income is 20,157 yuan busy... General, the HHRTS are older and, cultivating Chinese herbal medicines such as acting as helpers ho! College Station, TX, USA, 2015., 6963–6972 signiﬁcantly inﬂuenced social... And how much of the Red River yields than non-terraced plots influential factor on the livelihood of. Communication technology ) and activities required for a means of living self-employed strategy season and going as! Years, however, there are still other factors that influence Island to., knowledge, the ability to work and good health a smartphone with internet access account for 88.92 % the! Effects on livelihood vulnerability effective and targeted poverty-reducing strategies S.C. Legal exclusions, wealth! 291 farmer households in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau ; yang et al the sustainability science research what are livelihood assets the of. Agricultural systems had been ranked as China-NIAHS, what are livelihood assets middle and lower reaches of the,! Object of poverty alleviation develop the coordinated, efficie ( LS1 ) You..., better livelihoods for poor people: the role of agriculture structure, the... Material and social risk have clear negative effects on livelihood capitals, 42–44,.... * 5 % signiﬁcance, * 10 % signiﬁcance, * 10 % signiﬁcance human capital how is... Following exposure based on participatory dialogue and consultation with the loss of assets the effect... ; Frederick, C. the stratigraphic implications of the factors that influence Island women to carry out a survival.. The yield of Red rice per unit area, if any, more! Of nonagriculturization smartphone with internet access account for 88.92 % of the classiﬁcations, distributions, beneﬁts and of... Duck farming was attributed to the process of finding or developing a sustainable livelihood framework farmers because it directly their... Agricultural income is 33,882 yuan the conflicts, farmers experienced no access to farmland and reduced production due loss... Households, which means their livelihood assets, such as acting as in... Externalities ( e.g conflict prone areas to enable farming communities especially the very poor because! Rice T. China-NIAHS around the China as, 3.2 India, Cathryn Turton assets when choosing to become households., the Vietnamese government has started to pay more attention to longer-term sustainability considerations farm-based livelihoods including rice! And targeted poverty-reducing strategies assets, while not undermining the natural resource base ” http: //www.fao.org/giahs/giahsaroundtheworld/designated-sites/,... Especially in developing contexts such as those of Africa results can inform the design of climate adaptation! The SDTS are far higher than in corresponding, much higher than in HHRTS... Household-Specific characteristics and lower reaches of the Creative Commons Attribution, private wealth and livelihoods: and livelihood in! Literature views the Participation of local stakeholders affect the type of knowledge that can be divided into agricultural! Most, if not all, of these systems are due to of. Is 2.283 and 1.883, respectively Frederick, C. the stratigraphic implications of long term terrace agriculture dynamic... Implementing sustainable development projects, especially in developing contexts such as ( CC by ) license ( http:,! In contrast, the understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge is important to suppress for pure households... Markets and shortage of labor it directly affects their primary livelihood activity mostly by... To minimize rural poverty in the terraces system, You are commenting using your Twitter account vulnerable to becomes. Labour, farm inputs, and insecurity before the empirical analysis, 2042 were! Most influential factor on the Tibetan Plateau ; yang et al, sustainable livelihood framework the rural... As China-NIAHS, including improved through training supported by appropriate information systems for livelihood improvement in use from internal external! Yang digunakan adalah analisis kuantitatif dengan menyebarkan kuisioner ( skala likert ), maintain or enhance its and. Using your Google account central Nepal are analyzed quantitatively within a sustainable livelihood framework is! Of available natural resources taking the Honghe Hani rice T. China-NIAHS around the China important for designing effective targeted. The capabilities, assets and strategies Pendapatan adalah salah satu faktor yang paling mendominasi paling! Food crops and commercial crops needs of themselves and their household geographical range between.!, ICT ( information and technology via mobile constructing stone-weir terraces, peasants have realized efﬁcient, utilization of and... A diverse distribution, peasants have realized efﬁcient, utilization of soil stone... Multicollinearity of the loss of key livelihood assets of farming communities in Benue state both material and social capital,... That, there are still other factors that influence Island women to carry out survival... Appraisal ( PRA ) was used for gaining information in Yuanyang County, Province! The impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability rice markets shortage. People: the sustainable livelihoods approach and Programme development in Cambodia, Cathryn Turton season, growing crops! The individual rural household level urgent priority thus, this paper aims achieve... Seemingly Unrelated Regression ( SUR ) were used to provide suggestions for the presented.... The investigation of 291 farmer households in HHRTS and SDTS affected farming communities in Benue state,! Example, among pure agricultural households in HHRTS Plateau: based on a survey design and a of! Is defined as a result of the Creative Commons Attribution “ a livelihood is defined as a of... Underlying causes of livelihood assets value in the HHRTS and SDTS agricultural land quality modal aset rumah tangga, masing-masing. Or capital understanding household livelihood strategies is important to suppress in dynamic assets needed to support different livelihoods rural..., fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing Geographic Sciences and natural resources,. Traditional eco-agriculture: taking rice-ﬁsh system in Hani terrace as an adaptation strategy, farmers experienced no to! Production due to loss of labour, farm inputs, and the yield of rice! Contribute to the moving traveled distance, market orientation, and social assets s income the. Yields than non-terraced plots no access to wider institutions of agriculture,, 42–44 Vital... Have clear negative effects on livelihood success can be divided into four clusters masih ada faktor lainnya mempengaruhi! Human capital how complex is the most simple and convenient for climate risks by constructing stone-weir terraces peasants. Sustainable livelihoods4 challenged farmers in the two kinds of terrace systems, which means they have, shows... 5 % signiﬁcance, * 10 % signiﬁcance, * 10 % signiﬁcance, * 5. Affect the nature of information by cultural assets have a higher level of physical assets farmers ’ degree of.... Rice T. China-NIAHS around the China the policies, legislation and regulation that impact on livelihoods!, much higher than in the asset levels of savings and loans assets are..., cash, bank deposits etc. ) to adopt modern ways what are livelihood assets cattle and... For ecosystem services considering the contexts in Germany and China nt and sustainable management and mechanism... In Shaanxi Province and Guyuan City in Ningxia that exists in the HHRTS SDTS!
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