Hindu Kush, great mountain system of Central Asia that stretches some 500 miles (800 km) in length and as much as 150 miles (240 km) in width. Ca. Jahrhudert, Afghanische Studien 4, Wiesbaden, 1972. The central and eastern Hindu Kush have only two passes (Dorah and Baroghil) that possessed any small significance for long-distance travel. Hindu Kush marijuana strain is a highly potent, produces dark green plants with broad Indica leaves. Large wooden statues of ancestors, often on horseback, traditionally stood near graveyards; many of these works now reside in museums. Traffic and settlements. Prior to modern legal prohibition of the custom, the dead were disposed of, unburied, in heavy wooden coffins. In the Pakistani eastern Hindu Kush the Kho are the predominant population, who speak the Dardic language Khowar. Manučehr Sotuda, Tehran, 1367 Š./1988; tr. Beveridge, pp. Small irrigated plots of wheat, barley, millet, corn (maize), potatoes, and peas and beans constitute the region’s agriculture. How far their culture is still alive, or alternatively petrified into touristic folklore, is difficult to judge. These small communities are Ismaʿili Shiʿites, whereas the Tajiks are Sunnites. The high altitudes of the mountains have historical significance in South and Central Asia. Hindu Kush Is An Indica Dominant Strain With A 100% Quantity Of It. In the Sālang valley many villages and hamlets are built like a fortress onto the slope. (Redirected from Hindukush Kafir people) Jump to navigation Jump to search. The buds are dense and highly resinous. John Wood, A Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Sources of the River Oxus . The middle and eastern Hindu Kush, as well as the highest part of the Kᵛāja Moḥammed mountains, are most glaciated. Two peoples of the region, the Kalasha of Chitral and the Nūrestāni (Nūristāni) of Nūrestān, were traditionally considered part of a larger ethnic group. This was just one of the many types of cannabis brought back during this period. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the cuneiform inscriptions the Sudanese were called "Kushiya." Erwin Grötzbach, “Junge sozialgeographische Wandlungen im Afghanischen Hindukusch,” Mitteilungen der Geograph. Women, children and well-being in the mountains of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. In ancient mines producing lapis lazuli are found in Kowkcheh Valley, while gem-grade emeraldsare found north of Kabul in t… Hindu Kush is a 100% indica strain, with high levels of THC and little to no CBD. Open Access book on Hindu Kush Himalaya Climate Change in the Hindu Kush Himalaya Sustainable Mountain Development Environmental Assessment HKH Assessment Report Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in the HKH Energy Needs in Asia Water Security, Availability, Use and Governance Food Nutrition and Security in Asia Disaster Risk Reduction and … The western Hindu Kush is much more easily traversable. It comprises important scientific research on the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable mountain development and will serve as a basis for evidence-based decision-making to safeguard the environment and advance people’s well-being. While that in part is true, you should know that the term refers to an Indica variety of cannabis that originates from the Hindu Kush mountains. From about 1,300 to 2,300 m sklerophyllous forests are predominant with Quercus and Olea (wild olive); above that up to a height of about 3,300 m one finds coniferous forests with cedars, Picea, Abies, Pinus, and junipers. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, “Kāfirstān,” in EI2 IV, pp. Lowers your blood pressure. Many of these are dual-purpose dams, with large downstream irrigation facilities. Housing in Chitral and Nūrestān consists of strong rectangular wooden buildings. This average, however, obscures large regional differences. Kramers and Wiet, pp. Hindu Kush photos. The Kalasha do not seem to differ much from their neighbours, whether Nūrestāni or other. Lowers your blood pressure. It has also been the passageway during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent, a region where the Taliban and Al Qaeda grew, and to modern era warfare in Afghanistan. Ten major rivers of Hindu Kush Himalaya are a lifeline for nearly 2 billion people in eight countries. It is in their religion that their ethnic individuality is most strikingly expressed. The lower parts of the Vākhān and the higher parts of the Sanglīch and Anjoman valleys, all on the northwestern slopes of the Hindu Kush, are sparsely inhabited by the so-called Pamir or Mountain Tajik, most of whom are Ismāʿīlī Muslims. This celebrity strain is a favorite of both breeders and patients alike thanks to its classic effects and gorgeous appearance. 181-209). Dancing is important, and shamans practice divination. This high, southwestern range of the inner Asian mountains renders it possible to cross the mountain barrier in relatively short but steep climbs and descents. Insights based on research by and about women from the world's highest mountains. 8 of the best Kush strains Afghan Kush. This and the Sālang Road, a peak tunnel (3,337 m) opened in 1964, brought about a complete shift in the traffic over the Hindu Kush. 1-10. This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. 334-35; Moqaddasi, pp. It comprises important scientific research on the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable mountain development and will serve as a basis for evidence-based decision-making to safeguard the environment and advance people’s well-being. Kramers and Wiet, p. 435) called the Panjšēri stupid and corrupt, a reputation that followed them deep into the 19th century (Wood, p. 276). This bud is infamous among users all around the world for its classic Indica effects and long-lasting high that’s perfect for any lazy day or sleepless night when you need a little extra help to fully let go. A remarkable feature of the settlement structure is the amount of seasonal settlements, the number of which increases with the altitude. However, the area also has historical significance. This article needs additional citations for verification. Migrants, refugees from Afghanistan, and loggers have depleted much of the tree cover on the southern slopes, with the high forests of Nūrestān and the Hindu Raj remaining inaccessible. This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. Air service to the Vākhān region and the western Hindu Kush in Afghanistan is infrequent. Hindu Kush is a 100% pure Indica strain that is native to the local regions of the mountains between Pakistan & Afghanistan. Margurite Reut as Qataghan et Badakhshân: description du pays d’après l’inspection d’un ministre afghan en 1922, 3 vols., Paris, 1979. This results in a population density of seventeen inhabitants per km2 for the whole range. Cattle are also kept in varying numbers on the high pastures up to the glaciers. , London, 1841, 2nd ed., London, 1872. The northern plains adjacent to the western Hindu Kush supply natural gas for export to Uzbekistan, while the Bābā Mountains to the south near Hājjī Gak and Paghmān (west of Kabul) and in the north near Feyẕābād contain iron ore deposits. These mountains are found in the Afghanistan – Pakistan border, and what’s also amazing is that this place is also where many researchers say that Buddhism began. The Kalash people are one of the main inhabitant groups of Hindu Kush and claim to be descendants of Alexander the Greatreligion Find out why these #mountainsmatter. Kush Arora, dub and bhangra music producer from San Francisco ), which run … 83-129). Purple Kush is … W. Iven, “Vom Pändschir zum Pändsch: Bericht über eine Forschungsreise im Hindukusch in Nordost-Afghanistan,” Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen 81, 1935, pp. ©2021 Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment: Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People 1st Edition, Kindle Edition by Philippus Wester (Author, Editor), Arabinda Mishra (Author, Editor), Aditi Mukherji (Author, Editor), Arun Bhakta Shrestha (Author, Editor) & 1 more Format: Kindle Edition In ancient mines producing lapis lazuli are found in Kowkcheh Valley, while gem-grade emeraldsare found north of Kabul in t… In the rest of the Hindu Kush stone houses (fewer clay houses) are the rule. The population of the Hindu Kush is strongly differentiated according to ethnicity, language, and religion. In many of its features, the Hindu Kush resembles its eastern neighbour, the Karakoram Range, which extends westward from Tibet into Pakistan. The Hindu Kush Himalayas may finally get a united eight-country voice to safeguard its ecosystem, if the governments of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan keep the promises made by their ministers and representatives at a virtual summit this October By Joydeep Gupta Nov 20, 2020 Large seasonal migrations of livestock, driven by herders, fully utilize the pasturelands of remote mountain areas. Many previously abandoned side roads were reactivated by the Mojāhedin, and a roadway has even been laid between Chitral and Zēbāk in Badaḵšān over the Dorāh Pass. ), which run from there towards the southwest. On the southeast (Pakistan) side of the Hindu Kush, most people are Kohistani, an ethnic group that shows a marked cultural unity from Kashmir to Kabul. Purple Hindu Kush cannabis strain is a potently pure Indica with a THC level up to 22%. Best consumed at night time. On the southeast (Pakistan) side of the Hindu Kush, most people are Kohistani, an ethnic group that shows a marked cultural unity from Kashmir to Kabul. ), but also of intrusives (granite, diorite, etc.) Thereafter the transit traffic was concentrated on the new road, whereas the other passes crumbled or retained a merely local significance. But there are widespread variations in total volume and per capita water withdrawal, contribution of surface & groundwater to total withdrawals, and percentage of water withdrawals from total renewable freshwater resources, says Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment, a new … The Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is one of the most vibrant, distinct and intricate mountain systems in the world. Kalash tribe practises a form of ancient Hinduism that recognizes various gods and spirits. Some believe they are the legendary direct descendants of the armies of Alexander the Great and that they are a living link back to Ancient Greece. People shared these photos of the cannabis strain Hindu Kush. Here there are sparse juniper forests from around 1,500 m to 3,000 m. The inner valleys of the Hindu Kush are in the rain shadow and display desert vegetation apart form surface-water shrubs along rivers and streams. This can be seen in the natural vegetation. In the main it consists of metamorphic rocks (schist, gneiss, marble, etc. Hindu Kush is a popular medical strain that fights muscle spasms, chronic pains, nausea, insomnia, irritation, high blood pressure. Jan-Heeren Grevemeyer, Herrschaft, Raub und Gegenseitigkeit: Die politische Geschichte Badakhshans 1500-1883, Wiesbaden, 1982. Every village in the Pakistan portion of the mountains can be reached by jeep; tracks over such high passes as Shandur and Lawarai in Gilgit and Chitral districts have reduced the isolation of these valleys. It has also been the passageway during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent, a region where the Taliban and Al Qaeda grew, and to modern era warfare in Afghanistan. It Is Named After Its Origin Place Hindu Kush Mountain. Agriculture and worker migrations. 115-34. Motor vehicle roads and tracks serve all the inhabited valleys of the Hindu Kush. The Hebrews called them Kush, which is the biblical name for a people and a region. The name Hindu Kush is, from a historical point of view, quite young. Since the 11th century they were called “Kafir,” a term whose pejorative origins—derived from the Arabic word for “infidel”—led to reconsideration of these groups’ names and classification in recent times. XII, Fasc. The summer settlements (aylāq in Turkish and Dari Persian and banda in Nuristani) consist, in the main part of the mountains, of roughly built stone huts; the Tajiks and Hazāras on the west and northwest mountain slopes, however, use the Central Asian round tent (čapari). tr. Moreover, significant economic and cultural areas lie on either side, namely the Kabul basin with the regions Kōh Dāman and Kohistan (Kuhestān) in the south and the oases of Qaṭaḡan (Ḡōri, Baḡlān, Qonduz, Ḵānābād) in the north. This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. Kalash is a group of Indo-Aryan people who speak Kalasha-mun, a part of Dardic group of the Indo-Aryan languages spoken in Kashmir, Northwest Pakistan, and Eastern Afghanistan. Best consumed at night time. The population is concentrated in a number of main valleys (Chitral-Konar, Panjšēr, Andarāb, Varsaj-Farḵār), but in some of the arid inner valleys there are as few as one or two inhabitants per km2 (Korān, Monjān, Zēbāk). There are coal mines at Karkar and Eshposhteh (Ishpushta) in Afghanistan in the central Hindu Kush. Hindu... Purple Kush. We’ll email you updates on local dispensary … The settlements of the Hindu Kush are almost completely rural in character, but show clear regional differences in construction and arrangement. Hindu Kush is a popular medical strain that fights muscle spasms, chronic pains, nausea, insomnia, irritation, high blood pressure. 265-76. The islamization of Nuristan brought a change in the usual name for the people and their country: the Kafirs (kāfer “unbeliever”) became Nuristanis, and Kafiristan (the land of unbelievers) became Nuristan (the land of light; see Bosworth, p. 409). Some people believe that it is where Buddhism came from. Other Tajik (who are Sunni Muslims), Uzbek, and some Ḥazāra (Persian-speaking peoples of Central Asian origin) live in the valleys of the central and western parts of the Hindu Kush. Schuyler Jones, An Annotated Bibliography of Nuristan (Kafiristan) and Kalash Kafirs of Chitral, Dansk videnskabernes Selskab, Hist.-filos. Ancient texts report spinel ruby and rock crystal, but no commercial mining of these minerals is carried on today. The Hindu Kush range was a major centre of Buddhism with sites such as the Bamiyan Buddhas. Characteristic for Nuristan and south Chitral, where there are large wood resources, is a kind of timber frame house. 3, pp. Beyond just being a geological phenomena, however, this range is also historically significant – said to be some of the earliest origins of Buddhism. 130a-31a, 272b. In 1933 the first motor road over the Hindu Kush was opened, crossing the mountains at the Shibar Pass (2,936 m). Small deposits of minerals occur in the mountains of Afghanistan, but economic exploitation is limited to some mining of lapis lazuli at Sar Sang in the Monjān (Kokcha) River valley. Geologically, it resembles its neighbor the Karakoram Range. Later the name spread to the east; in the 19th century it was used for the whole range up to the Baroghil Pass (Yule, p. LXII). From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Georg Morgenstierne, “Languages of Nuristan and Surrounding Regions,” in Karl Jettmar and Lennart Edelberg, eds., Cultures of the Hindukush, Wiesbaden, 1974, pp. Daniel Balland, “Nomadic Pastoralists and Sedentary Hosts in the Central and Western Hindukush Moutains, Afghanistan,” in Nigel J. R. Allen, Gregory W. Knapp, and Christoph Stadel, eds., Human Impact on Mountains, Totowa, N. J., 1988, pp. Idem, Kulturgeograph-ischer Wandel in Nordost-Afghanistan seit dem 19. They are mainly Sunnis, but a strong Ismaʿili minority exists in Upper Chitral. Among the most recent population groups in the Afghan Hindu Kush are the Pashtun nomads, who received large mountain pastures from the Afghan government at the end of the 19th century, as well as the Gujars, who started moving up from formerly British India to the northwest edge of the Hindu Kush in the 1930s and occupied small ecological niches there. It is missing from the accounts of the early Arab geographers and occurs for the first time in Ebn Baṭṭuṭa (ca. (From here.) She is around 800 kilometers long, stretching far and wide across this region. Some Indic Gujar nomadic herders seasonally penetrate the valleys of the southern slopes. 409-11. Peter Snoy, “Nuristan and Munğan,” Tribus, no. The north and northwest sides of the mountains receive less rain, which falls mainly in winter and spring. The most important destinations of these migratory workers are Kabul and the oases of Qaṭaḡan in Afghanistan and Peshawar in Pakistan. Hindu Kush is on Facebook. . 312-315. In the southern Hindu Kush, but also in other parts of the mountains, many villages outside the irrigated land are positioned on the slope of the valley in such a way that the roof of a lower-lying house functions as the terrace of the one above. It usually has a mix of slightly sweet, woody, and overall hashy flavor notes that give way to a calm, lightly sedative high that's great for kicking back after a long day. Hindu Kush cannabis strain is a pure Indica. Several other groups are present in addition to these three most important peoples: on the west and northwest rim of the mountains there are Persian-speaking, mostly Shiʿite Hazāras and Sunni Turks, closely related to the Uzbeks of the foreland; the former have also settled in a few mountain valleys (Panjšēr, Ḵōst-o-Fereng, Andarāb). Eight countries sign declaration to work together for the Hindu Kush Himalaya region The countries of the region, that traverses a length of 3,500 kilometres is home to 240 million people, will promote a united voice in international platforms, a study centre says. In geological tectonic terms, the Hindu Kush is part of the young Eurasian mountain range complex, which has risen since the late Tertiary period. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Ebn Hawqal (p. 449, tr. Idem, “Formen bäuerlicher Wirtschaft an der Obergrenze der Dauersiedlung im Afghanischen Hindukusch,” in Carl Rathjens, Carl Troll, and Harald Uhlig, eds., Vergleichende Kulturgeographie der Hochgebrige des südlichen Asien/Comparative Geography of the High-Mountain Regions of Southern Asia, Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung 5, Wiesbaden, 1973, pp. The Hindu Kush range is around 800 kilometres long. By Christopher Doering WASHINGTON, Jan 27 (Reuters) - Environmental damage to mountain ranges around the world could trigger more floods, landslides and fires, and bring famine to people living on their slopes, the United Nations University said on Sunday. 1980 almost 1 million people lived in the whole area, including the bordering valleys, of which 200,000 were in the Pakistani section. The glaciers are a critical water store for the 250 million people who live in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya (HKH) region, and 1.65 billion people rely on … Lennart Edelberg and Schuyler Jones, Nuristan, Graz, 1979. 101-48. Rough vehicle tracks penetrate the northern valleys, including the Vākhān region, from Feyẕābād in Badakhshān. HINDU KUSH, the name given to the southwest range of the massive middle and south Asiatic mountain complex lying partly in Afghanistan and partly in Pakistan. Moḥammad-Nāder Khan and Borhān-al-Din Kuškaki, Rāhnemā-ye Qaṭḡan wa Badaḵšān, ed. Karl Gratzl, ed., Hindukusch: Österreichische Forschungsexpedition in den Wakhan 1970, Graz, 1972. Sharma remarked that the Hindu Kush Himalayas are home to 240 million people, with 1.9 billion people living in the surrounding hills and river basins. Karl Wutt, Pashai: Landschaft, Mensch, Architektur, Graz, 1981. ), Waḵi/Waḵāni, etc. Hindu Kush is known as a pure indica landrace strain that originates in the Hindu Kush mountain range between Afghanistan and Pakistan. . Real towns are completely non-existent in the Hindu Kush. It originates from the Hindu Kush mountain range, on the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, and made its way to the US in the 60s. Klaus Haserodt, “Chitral (Pakistanischer Hindukusch),” in idem, ed., Hochgebrigsräume Nordpakistans im Hindukusch, Karakorum und Westhimalaya, Beiträge und Materialien zur Regionalen Geographie 2, Berlin, 1989, pp. Alps, Hindu Kush world's most threatened mountains. Where there is enough water for irrigation, the land is used intensively: the lower areas have rice (up to about 2000 m) and fruit, i.e., apricots, mulberries, apples, and walnuts (up to 2,400/2,500 m); up to the limiti of cultivation (3,200/3,400 m) wheat, barley, and leguminous plants are grown. People going through chemotherapy for cancer can also find this strain useful for many of their cancer symptoms. 52-61. For this reason most of the long-distance trade between India and Turan/Bactria went over the passes of the western Hindu Kush or on the Bāmiān-Balḵ route somewhat farther west. The climate of the Hindu Kush is marked by the transition from the west to the south Asiatic climatic type, that is, from the area with winter and spring rains to the area of summer monsoons. Although the Nuristanis in Afghanistan only amount to around 100,000, they have aroused more interest in scholars and traveling researchers than any other people of the Hindu Kush. The youth of the mountains can be seen in the frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes, particularly in Badaḵšān. Friedrich Kussmaul, “Siedlung und Gehöft bei den Tağiken in den Bergländern Afġanistans,” Anthropos 60, 1965, pp. When it comes to the original strains that gave us the sativa, indica, and hybrid classifications of... Hindu Kush. It comes with 22% THC. This pungent, comfortable strain is a perfect one to try and grow yourself, even if only to try and enjoy a part of marijuana history. The Hindu Kush extends over an area of around 55,000 km2, of which some 10,000 km2 is in Pakistan. Karl Jettmar and Lennart Edelberg, eds., Cultures of the Hindukush: Selected Papers from the Hindukush Cultural Conference Held at Moesgard 1970, Beiträge zur Südasienforschung 1, Wiesbaden, 1974. Even the largest urban settlements such as Chitral Town (11,000 inhabitants) have partly rural features; the irrigated fields often begin behind the shop fronts of the bāzārs. Agriculture uses all of the available resources, which are very restricted in the high mountains. Pashtun are found in the major towns, in Kabul, and in many districts to the south of the Hindu Kush, with the exception of Nūrestān. Pashtun nomads range over the western hills and into northern high pastures in Afghanistan. The Kafirs practiced a religion in which belief in spirits and shamanism was subordinate to a pantheon reminiscent of that of the ancient Oriental cultures of west Asia (Degener; Jettmar et al., 1975, p. 464). Landrace (original) Kush strain is the Hindu Kush and is that one is a purebred indica that can grow almost anywhere. While I do then reply it's a myth and genetic tests has disproven these theories, the fact that such stories do exist and have done for a long time, with pockets of indigenous groups in the mountains of the Hindu Kush (known as Purple Hindu Kush is a 100% pure indica strain with unknown parentage, although it is thought to have originated in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Due to this vast population, the area is diverse, with 1,000 unique languages represented in the mountains alone. The Nūrestānis, for instance, were forcibly converted to Islam in 1896. The Arab geographers also mention silver mines in Panjšēr (Banjhir) and additional deposits of ruby, garnet, and rock crystal among others (Eṣṭaḵri, p. 280; Ebn Ḥawqal, p. 449, tr. It comprises important scientific research on the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable mountain development and will serve as a basis for evidence-based decision-making to safeguard the environment and advance people’s well-being. This open access book provides a comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya region, on social, economic and environmental level. Jeannette Gurung. H. Yule, “An Essay on the Geography and History of the Regions on the upper Waters of the Oxus,” in John Wood, ed., A Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Source of the River Oxus, London, 1872, pp. 241-42): (1) The western Hindu Kush between Darra-ye Šekāri and the Shibar Pass in the west and the Khawak (Ḵavāk) Pass in the east, that This article is available in print.Vol. 303, 326; Yule; Le Strange, Lands, p. 350); today they have no economic value, however. If you're naturally prone to high nervousness, maybe this strain isn't for you.